Prescription drug abuse is simply the abuse of prescription medication that is prescribed legally by a doctor, but is used by the abuser in a way or amount that is not intended by the doctor. Use of meds prescribed for someone else is also termed as prescription drug abuse. With the wide availability of opioid class drugs such as Vicodin, OxyContin, morphine, and codeine, prescription drug abuse is very rampant in the US.
The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence estimates that 48 million people have abused prescription drugs, which is roughly 20% of the US population. Oxycodone, which is a pain relieving opioid, is the most widely abused prescription drug and is only second to heroin in the number of deaths it causes.
Prescription drug abuse treatment is available when you call Drug Rehab Centers San Diego. Dial (619) 371-5879 to reach us now.
Commonly Abused Prescribed Drugs
The most commonly abused prescription drugs are Opioids, and the generic names of the leaders in this category are:
Apart from opioids, the following classes of medications are also abused:
- Sedatives such as Nembutal, Seconal, and Amytal
- Stimulants such as Adderall, Ritalin, and Concerta
Signs Someone is Abusing Prescription Drugs
Identification of prescription drug dependence before its complete onset can help a lot in preventing the habit from turning to a full-fledged addiction. Even after the onset of addiction, the identification can help in seeking treatment and having a speedy recovery program.
The major signs and symptoms of prescription drug addiction include:
- Poor memory and slurred speech
- Dilated pupils and dizziness with headaches
- Chest pain and heart palpitations, anxiety and delusional disorders for those that are addicted to stimulants such as Adderall
- Hostility, aggressiveness, and paranoia `
- Mood swings, change in sleep patterns
- Increase in the consumption of alcohol
- Frequent consultation and prescription requests to doctors, and visiting a number of doctors for similar conditions, and even online shopping of prescription drugs
Physical Effects of Prescription Drug Abuse
Most prescription medications that are abused tend to increase dopamine levels in the brain, thereby inducing sensations of pleasure, movement and attention. When taken in prescribed doses, the medications have a mild effect on inducing such sensations but as abusers take prescription drugs in ways other than prescribed and in higher quantities, the dopamine production levels are very high. This can eventually cause euphoria and thereby, strengthening of the addiction.
The health risks from prescription drug addiction are many, including:
- Abuse or overdose of painkillers that fall in the opioid variety can cause respiratory depression and even lead to death.
- Benzodiazepine sedative abuse can cause heavy withdrawal seizures.
- Stimulants that are used for the treatment for ADHD can cause high blood pressure levels if abused.
Treatment for Prescription Drug Addiction
The treatment options for prescription medications are tailored for each type of drug, and hence, the types of prescription drug addiction treatment are:
- Adderall Treatment
- Ambien Treatment
- Hydrocodone Treatment
- Opiate Treatment
- Suboxone abuse / treatment
The most important step is to understand and accept that you may have a prescribed drug abuse problem. After that, all you need is a proper and well-structured treatment at a good addiction treatment center.